Spain bans oil and gas exploration in national waters.
In its report „Quiet Waters
“, OceanCare presents a conservation action plan for noise reduction in the marine protected area between the Balearic Islands and the Spanish mainland.
The Environmental Committee of the International Maritime Organization (IMO) votes to revise the guideline for the reduction of underwater noise caused by ships in 2022.
OceanCare´s published report “Deep-Sea Mining: A Noisy Affair
” represents the first analysis of the potential consequences of noise-generating activities that would result from the commercialisation of deep-sea mining and provides recommendations for action for decision makers.
At the Conference of the Fisheries Commission for the Mediterranean (GFCM), OceanCare presents its socio-economic study on the impact of noise generated by fishing activities in the central Adriatic. The decision is made to extend the study to other sources of noise and replicate it in other sensitive regions of the Mediterranean.
prepared by OceanCare together with other environmental organisations, including BUND, Coalition Clean Baltic, IFAW and Seas at Risk, reveals how inadequately the EU Marine Strategy Framework Directive is being implemented and how EU member states are failing to effectively reduce underwater noise.
The UN Convention on the Law of the Sea includes underwater noise as transboundary marine pollution in its second assessment of the state of the oceans
(World Ocean Assessment).
The Barcelona Convention declares the marine protected area between the Balearic Islands and the Spanish mainland as Specially Protected Areas of Mediterranean Importance
The States bordering the Mediterranean Sea and the Black Sea commit to implementing the CMS Guidelines on Environmental Impact Assessments before licensing noise-intensive underwater activities. This resolution was prompted, among other reasons, by complaints initiated by OceanCare against some states in response to their seismic activities.
OceanCare and the Fisheries Commission for the Mediterranean (GFCM) conduct a workshop on the impact of underwater noise on fish and invertebrates and its socio-economic consequences, and develop recommendations to be presented at the GFCM Conference of the Parties. The Fisheries Commission decides to conduct a corresponding study.
Spain´s government declares the species-rich corridor between the Balearic Islands and the Spanish mainland, through which many whales migrate, a marine protected area
The UN Convention on the Law of the Sea dedicates a conference to underwater noise. Nicolas Entrup and Dr Lindy Weilgart are the invited experts and keynote speakers.
OceanCare publishes a meta-study
on the impact of noise on fish and marine invertebrates.
At a workshop organised by OceanCare and NRDC, and supported by the German Federal Foundation for the Environment, 65 representatives from 15 countries from the fields of politics, science, tourism, environmental and marine protection develop an action plan
for noise reduction in the south-eastern Mediterranean Sea.
in getting the UN to mention underwater noise, if not as a form of pollution, then at least as a stress factor, in its action plan
for achieving its Sustainable Development Goal 14 “Life under Water”.
The signatory States to the Bonn Convention adopt guidelines
relating to environmental impact assessments to be conducted prior to noise-intensive activities. The preparation of these guidelines was co-facilitated by independent experts from OceanCare.
OceanCare experts are co-authors of the study “Overview of the Noise Hotpots in the ACCOBAMS Area
”, the first comprehensive survey of noise-generating activities in the Mediterranean Sea.
The oil company Cairn Energy bows to the protests initiated by OceanCare and Alianza Mar Blava and abandons its plans for oil exploration in the Gulf of Valencia.
The US Navy, under pressure from NRDC, OceanCare and various other organisations, suspends sonar operations in the waters around Hawaii and off the coast of California for a period of three years.
Protests by OceanCare and its partner organisation lead to the suspension of planned developments of new oil wells in the Croatian Adriatic, off the Canary Islands and around Kangaroo Island.
OceanCare presents its report “Quiet Zones” to the ACCOBAMS Member States and calls for noise reduction in three particularly sensitive areas of the Mediterranean Sea.
OceanCare is working with partners to ensure that the noise-sensitive Cuvier’s beaked whale
is granted the highest international protection status by the Member States of the Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species.
More than 210,000 people sign a protest launched by OceanCare and AVAAZ against the planned oil exploration off the coast of Ibiza.
The International Maritime Organisation (IMO) issues non-binding guidelines
for reducing the noise of commercial ships.
of the EU Directive on Environmental Impact Assessments now also requires such assessments to be carried out prior to seismic exploration.
Under the auspices of OceanCare, the Silent Oceans campaign to curb underwater noise is launched, and joined by 27 international partner organisations.
The ACCOBAMS signatory states adopt a resolution
paving the way for environmental impact assessments to become mandatory in the agreement area prior to seismic exploration.
The United Nations Economic and Social Council grants OceanCare UN Special Consultative Status on marine issues
The Parties to the UN Convention on the Conservation of Migratory Species (CMS/Bonn Convention) commit to noise reduction in marine protected areas.
The Parties to the UN Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) commit to identifying measures
to protect marine species from the impact of underwater noise. An OceanCare expert has co-authored a scientific thesis on underwater noise.
The International Maritime Organisation (IMO) recognises the harmful impact of ship noise and initiates the development of guidelines for quieter shipping.
OceanCare, NRDC and the International Ocean Noise Coalition (IONC) prevent the US marine authorities and the US military from deploying sonar in Hawaiian waters.
OceanCare is responsible for drafting the chapter on underwater noise and its consequences for marine life for the UN Food and Agriculture Organisation´s Ocean Atlas.
The UN General Assembly recognises underwater noise as one of the five greatest threats to marine mammals and one of the ten greatest threats to the oceans as a whole.
OceanCare raises the issue of underwater noise during the informal consultative process of the UN Convention on the Law of the Sea and succeeds in getting the United Nations to address the problem for the first time.
OceanCare and IONC stop seismic testing in the Gulf of Mexico.
The EU Parliament passes, by a large majority, a resolution
for a ban on active low and medium frequency military sonar systems to detect submarines in EU waters. Spain subsequently bans the use of such sonar off the coast of the Canary Islands, with the result that there have been no more atypical strandings of marine mammals since then.
OceanCare is a co-founder of the International Ocean Noise Coalition (IONC), which is supported by 150 organisations worldwide. The coalition calls for a moratorium on high-power military sonar in EU waters.
After receiving OceanCare´s petition and having a face-to-face meeting with OceanCare experts and Members of the European Parliament at their headquarters in Brussels, NATO rules that prior to military sonar tests, whale sightings will be conducted to determine if whales and dolphins are located nearby. If so, they should generally be driven away from the test area by means of gradually increasing sounds.
With a petition to NATO signed by more than 93,000 people, OceanCare launches the marine protection programme “Silent Oceans” to combat underwater noise.