UN

UN

UN

The United Nations (UN) is the preeminent international organisation governing world affairs. Founded in 1945, it has 193 Member States. The mission and work of the UN are guided by the purposes and principles contained in its founding Charter, signed on 26 June 1945.

The main bodies of the UN are the General Assembly, the Security Council, the Economic and Social Council (ECOSOC), the Trusteeship Council, the International Court of Justice, and the UN Secretariat. All were established in 1945 when the UN was founded.

ECOSOC

In 2011, ECOSOC granted OceanCare Special Consultative Status. This status entitles OceanCare to deliver oral and written statements to all relevant UN bodies.

Since receiving ECOSOC Special Consultative Status in 2011, OceanCare has strategically focused on work delivery against Millennium Development Goal 7, Target 9. OceanCare’s contribution to the Millennium Development Goals is delivered through research, conservation projects and education.

OceanCare focuses on domestic and international legislative engagement by providing technical information to international and regional processes in North, Central and South America, Europe and Africa. This work is supported by solution-oriented cooperation with scientific committees and other partners.

UNCLOS / DOALOS

The ocean, with its enormity and mystery, has ever been part of human consciousness. As mystery gave way to mastery, whole bodies of custom, tradition and law arose defining the rights of the ships and mariners who plied the waters and of the States on the rim of the oceans.

Attempts have been made through the years to regulate the use of the oceans in a single convention that is acceptable to all nations. This effort finally culminated with the adoption of the 1982 UN Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS), which has gained nearly universal acceptance since its entry into force on 16 November 1994.

UNCLOS provides, for the first time, a legal framework for the conservation and management of marine resources. Rarely has such radical change been achieved peacefully, by consensus of the world community. It has been hailed as the most important international achievement since the approval of the UN Charter in 1945.

While many institutions, some created by the Convention and others part of the UN system are responsible for governing areas on specific aspects of the ocean under their jurisdiction, the Convention itself remains the central instrument for promoting stability and peaceful uses of the seas and oceans. It is not, however, a static instrument, but rather a dynamic and evolving body of law that must be vigorously safeguarded and its implementation aggressively advanced.

The coordinating body for this work is the Division for Ocean Affairs and the Law of the Sea (DOALOS)

The UN has and will continue to play an important role as the depository of the Convention and the globally recognised forum for monitoring and reporting on all aspects related to oceans and the law of the sea.

OceanCare consciously invests in working through the formal DOALOS processes.

In the 2011- 2015 period OceanCare has attended the UN Open-ended Informal Consultative Process on Oceans and the Law of the Sea meetings to draw member state attention to the emerging problem of anthropogenic ocean noise pollution. OceanCare has also attended the Review Conference of United Nations Fish Stocks Agreement to draw member state attention to the negative impact of ocean noise pollution on fish stocks and fisheries.